The most expensive coins of the USSR. Rare and commemorative coins of the USSR
Not every person thinks that coins lying in a grandmother's chest or even in their own purses can cost much more than their own denomination. And the price of some copies is amazing. After selling only one coin, you can buy an apartment in the capital. Holders of such money often miss the opportunity to receive benefits because they do not know the prices of the most expensive coins of the USSR
Not every person thinks that coins lying in a grandmother's chest or even in their own purses can cost much more than their own denomination. And the price of some copies is amazing. After selling only one coin, you can buy an apartment in the capital. Holders of such money often miss the opportunity to receive benefits because they do not know the prices of the most expensive coins of the USSR.
What affects the cost
An important factor is the authenticity of the coin. Quite often counterfeiters try to sell fakes at numismatic auctions. It is worth noting that any experienced numismatist quickly brings such unfortunate swindlers to clean water.
Paradox, but the most expensive coins of the USSR from nickel or copper have a cost higher than gold pieces. Here the main factor will be its rarity. Even with strong damage to the coin, you can get a significant amount for it, if it is released in limited editions.
Also, the value of a coin is influenced by its circulation and the number of remaining monetary units.
Formation of the monetary system. 20s
Every citizen of our country has the opportunity to find a whole treasure, because during the existence of the Soviet Union a large number of rare coins were issued. This is due to the formation of a new monetary system in a post-revolutionary country. Due to the dominance of paper money, the issue of coins was not adjusted. The primary task was the issue of exchange of monetary units. Therefore, they were minted in small batches. Reforms followed one after another, because of which the old editions were promptly withdrawn and destroyed. The new Soviet authorities gave us coins of the USSR of the 20s, which in the modern world are of considerable value.
1 ruble of 1921 and 1922
Despite the similarity of these specimens, their cost varies significantly. This is due to historical conditions. In the mint of Petrograd, due to a shortage of silver in 1922, the division of power began. After Artur Hartman, Peter Latyshev began to command the production. As a result, the circulation of two million units of monetary units with the initials of the former minzmeister has been replenished with a new issue with the letters “PL”. Other coins of the USSR of 1921–1922 are of no special value.
Money of 1924 - 1925
A trifle that some of us do not even consider money and leave for tea to cashiers in stores, under certain circumstances, can become very expensive. Thus, the price of a USSR coin 3 kopecks of 1924 with a ribbed herd can reach more than fifty thousand rubles. Among other coins of the same year of release, it is the most expensive. The monetary unit of 50 kopecks is significantly inferior to the “three rubles” in value. Also interesting is the coin of 20 kopecks, which has rounded letters of the USSR.
The most expensive are the metallic money of 1925. During this period, the issue of small things stopped due to the fact that the reserves of mints, finally, reached the required level. But there were "polushki", made under the royal coinage. They were released only in 1925, 1927 and 1928.
A rare and especially valuable coin of this year is 2 kopecks.
Coins of 1927 - 1929
The cost of a coin of the USSR 1 kopek (1927) is relatively small and is only about 2, 500 rubles. But take a look: if the letters of the USSR are slightly elongated, you immediately become the owner of a rare book worth at least 20 times more expensive.
The currency 2 kopecks was in circulation for quite a long time. Therefore, the surviving copies have a worn look, which does not affect the cost.
Three pennies with a narrow edging of golden color are completely unremarkable. But it is worth a closer look. If they do not have decorative elements, the year of issue or the sign of the mint, then the price may reach several hundred thousand rubles.
The coin of 50 kopecks was issued in small circulation in 1929 and was not introduced into circulation. This caused its value, because this monetary unit is not even in the collection of the Leningrad Mint. In the world there is only one copy, which is in the possession of a private person. Its design is unique, all aesthetics of the late NEP is transmitted here.
During this period, silver money became rare. The noble metal was replaced by a practical and inexpensive copper-nickel alloy. From it were made 10, 15 and 20-kopek coins. In 1931, the last circulation of monetary units of the same denomination was released. These are rare coins of the USSR, no information on their numbers is left. The cost of such copies is quite high due to the high cost of material. At numismatic auctions, they are rare, since circulations were destroyed and were melted down.
A striking example of such unique patterns is the 10-kopek coin. In addition to the precious metal from which it is made, this monetary unit is a rarity. Its exact circulation is not established. It is only known that he was rather small.
For a long time in money circulation there was a bronze coin of 1933 with the typical for that time design of monetary trivia.
The most valuable coin of that time were the "Hammers" - twenty kopecks. She owes this name to the proletarian depicted on the obverse with a hammer. Immediately after the release of this money, almost all were destroyed, so there is no exact information about the number. Collectors managed to save only fifteen copies.
They were not released again, most likely due to rather complex artistic elements in the design.
Money in wartime
The epoch in which metal money was minted greatly influences their value. For example, during the Great Patriotic War for the manufacture of new money there was neither the resources nor the strength. The Mint of Leningrad did not issue coins in the usual volume due to the fact that it was evacuated. For this reason, the money was published in trial scanty circulations, most of which were never entered into circulation. And those who were on hand, for unknown reasons, were quickly withdrawn.
There is a version that this is due to administrative and territorial changes. The emblem of the USSR on the coins of the old type had sixteen strings of ears. But after the war, only fifteen administrative-territorial units remained.
Even the most keen coin collectors do not have information about some circulations. It is only known that they were released, but did not appear in circulation. Therefore, a person who has money of this time, is the owner of this treasure.
No less valuable and post-war copies. This is due to the weakening of control over the production of coins, as their embossing did not have a large-scale value. The priority of this period was the detuning of residential buildings and production facilities. And the equipment of the mint of Leningrad, evacuated to Krasnokamsk, was in need of repair or replacement.
The most expensive coins of the USSR are the money of 1947. Their distinctive feature is the material from which they are made. All coins are made of pure bronze, without the addition of nickel, aluminum and other metals. The rarest representative of this series is face value 1 kopek. Find it almost impossible.
This time is characterized by more practical and inexpensive alloys for minting coins. These circulations were issued in order to test the properties of the material and the possibility of translating the artist's ideas on it. For this reason, the history of the postwar period was repeated again. Thousands of copies were destroyed, not having time to enter into circulation. But in the collections of numismatists several hundred copies settled down.
Coins of the USSR in 1956 from a trial issue are of particular interest to collectors because of experiments with both metals and denominations. This year, the conveyor has released many samples with a marriage. It was they who later became representatives of rare species.
Iron-chromium-nickel and zinc-nickel alloys became materials for coin minting. Such money has survived to this day, but they are not of special value.
Looking at the rare coins of the USSR in 1958, we can be sure that the external characteristics of these specimens differ markedly from the previous ones. On the obverse, instead of the surrounding two faces, there are broad laurel wreaths connected below. They are made of aluminum bronze.
Money Production 1961 - 1991
Formally, this era came with the reform of 1961. It is characterized by the mass production of coinage and the huge circulation of metal money, as well as political stability. The small and almost identical diameter of change coins was not always convenient, which made them difficult to use. The “polushka” returned, but due to inconvenience in production and use, it was quickly withdrawn.
In general, this period is characterized as the “gray” time of numismatics. For example, for USSR coins 15 kopecks of 1978 will not give more than a hundred rubles.
The brightest and most expensive representative is the 10-ruble monetary unit of 1991. It was produced by the metropolitan mint of bimetal and has an aesthetic and modern design.
Special dates and anniversaries
In the year of the twentieth anniversary of the victory in the Great Patriotic War, a coin was struck. She became the first copy dedicated to a special date or anniversary of an outstanding person. Commemorative coins of the USSR were issued in huge editions, so their value is low, with the exception of products made of precious metals. The main material was copper-nickel alloy. Also on the cost reflects a rare variety of stamps, a mistake embossing.
To a greater extent copies were represented by rubles, but there are coins with a different denomination. The largest collection of commemorative coins was devoted to the 1980 Olympic Games.
Commemorative coins of the USSR
Copper-nickel alloy became the material for the series “50 years of Soviet power”. On the obverse there is a capital denomination of the denomination and the emblem, and on the reverse is the image of Lenin against the background of the hammer and sickle, next to him is a star and the name of the state. On the edge there is the date of the anniversary and the inscription of the glorification of the Great October Revolution.
The category dedicated to the Olympic Games is the same for all denominations of obverse. At the top is the emblem of the country, and on the sides are the letters USSR Below is the denomination of the coin. In the middle of the reverse is the image of the one in which the metal banknote is named. Under it is the date of coinage, and on the sides is the name of the series.
The most expensive coins of the USSR are products made of precious metals, devoted to Olympic and national sports, their history, settlements and facilities. Also from the precious metal of the material are made the products of the series “1000th Anniversary of Various Events of Russia” and “Russian Ballet”. Also valuable is the series dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the abolition of serfdom, standing on the Ugra River, the Assumption Cathedral and the Moscow Kremlin.
The most extensive catalog is for the coins from the 70th Anniversary of the Great October Revolution series. They are made of nickel and copper. These metals served as material for the category "Cathedrals and monuments."
Commemorative coins made of copper-nickel alloy with 1-ruble denomination were also dedicated to the great figures of science, literature, music, politics and other areas.
Until 1965, commemorative coins were intended only for collectors and did not refer to the money of a regular coinage. Accordingly, they were produced only in limited editions. The decision to create them appeared at the end of 1960, on the eve of large-scale financial reform. In order to save out of circulation was not removed trifle from old-style bronze.
Since 1977, commemorative coins have been issued annually as an indicator and a means of expressing memory and pride in historical events and people involved in them.
Much less often and in smaller quantities you can find specimens with a nominal value of 10 rubles. The most valuable for numismatists is the first bimetallic coin, which was issued in 1991. It is unique because it was released on the eve of the collapse of the country. In addition to standard coinage, it also revealed various types of defects.