Schemes patterns for knitting with a description. Simplest ornaments
Today, needlework is becoming more common. The growth of its popularity is partly due to the fact that the market is oversaturated with the same type of low-quality goods and requires diversity. In addition, the therapeutic effect of such exercises has been proven (way out of depressive states, sedative effect, development of fine motor skills)
Today, needlework is becoming more common. The growth of its popularity is partly due to the fact that the market is oversaturated with the same type of low-quality goods and requires diversity. In addition, the therapeutic effect of such exercises has been proven (way out of depressive states, sedative effect, development of fine motor skills).
Such a hobby as knitting, allows people to realize their creative potential without large cash investments and time-consuming. This is largely due to the numerous patterns of knitting patterns with a description.
A few words about yarn
Taking up the study of knitting art, you should carefully consider the choice of yarn and work tools. Properly selected materials, along with an uncomplicated model and pattern, will help you learn knitting much faster. Simple patterns, diagrams and descriptions abound in the pages of many traditional periodicals, in online journals and blogs.
For knitting solid patterns, you should use a medium thickness yarn with a wool or cotton content of more than 50%. A sample of such yarn in the fabric can be viewed in the figure above. Openwork knitting requires a thinner thread (also shown in the figure), and almost any kind of braid is suitable (except for a very thin one, designed for crocheting).
The value of the correct choice of the needles
Knitting needles, as the main tool knitters, should be chosen carefully. For a start, you can purchase medium-sized knitting needles (No. 3; 3.5 or 4). These numbers indicate the diameter of the spokes in millimeters and are usually written on the instrument itself and on its packaging.
Often, authors of publications offer patterns of patterns for knitting with a description of the necessary tools and materials. But if the type of the selected yarn differs from that indicated in the magazine, you should use needles of such thickness as the thread, or a bit larger (this way you can get a looser and softer fabric).
The principle of selection of the pattern
Knitting patterns, patterns and description can be found in the specialized literature. When choosing a picture, first of all you should pay attention to the size of the rapport: the smaller it is, the smaller the pattern will be, and the more convenient it will be to cut and add loops.
Schemes patterns for knitting with a description, consisting of several dozen rows and loops, look very nice, but require additional effort.
Solid patterns: simple and clear
Leadership among simple ornaments surely occupy the patterns of patterns for knitting with a description, consisting in the combination of facial and back loops in different sequences. The most common include the 1: 1 and 2: 2 gum (with wider columns). The scheme is not needed here, since the description is quite enough. Knitting technology:
- Set an even number of loops.
- Edge loop (do not knit), 1 (or 2) front, 1 (or 2) purl, edge.
- Repeat the previous row.
The resulting fabric - two-way, which allows its use for the manufacture of scarves.
The following diagram shows the simplest pattern formed by the same kinds of loops as the elastic.
After a set of loops, the number of which is a multiple of 6 (plus 2 per edge), the sequence of execution will be as follows:
- To knit 4 rows with the front satin stitch (in the front row all the loops are facial, in the purl - purl).
- Edge (do not knit), * 6 purl, 6 face *, fragment between ** repeat the required number of times, edge.
- Repeat starting from the 2nd row.
The convenience of this ornament is that it allows you to easily knit the outlines of the necklines and the armholes.
The beauty of openwork patterns
The creation of summer or autumn dresses, cardigans and skirts - one of the best opportunities that provides knitting. Openwork patterns, schemes with a description, as well as recommendations relating to the choice of yarn, are more complex than those used for knitting continuous patterns.
Compliance with the scheme, which consists of two main types of loops, nakidov, as well as loops with a common base or tip - this is the main secret, on which neat knitting depends. Openwork patterns, schemes (with or without a description) require a balance between shortened and added loops. This helps to keep the original number of loops in the canvas (unless the ornament suggests otherwise).
In the example shown above, an empty cell is a front one, o is a nape, / is one loop knitted from two with a slope to the right, \ is one loop knitted from two with a slope to the left (remove the front one, knit the next one, pass through the knitted one through the removed one), ^ - one loop, knit from three. The purl rows contain only purl loops.
First you need to dial loops, the number of which will be a multiple of eight, plus loops on the edge. Then you need to strictly follow the pattern, correctly knitting all kinds of loops.
The openwork is formed by knit crochets, and the relief is the result of cutting loops. The figure shows the option of knitting two edge on each side. This approach allows you to avoid twisting the fabric, it is also often used when you need to make a button strip.
Braids and plaits - the main decoration of warm sweaters
Pattern knitting pattern with knitting needles and description of the formation of braids are closely related. Often, one scheme is not enough to represent a sequence. However, after the first acquaintance with the reception of the craftswoman, the embodiment of all existing patterns with braids becomes available, as they are built on the same principle.
An elementary crossing of the loops on the spoke with their subsequent knitting in a new position is the essence of the weaving of the harnesses. The illustration shows a three-strand braid.
In accordance with the scheme, the empty cell and the vertical bar are the front one, “-” is the wrong side, the coil is the twisted front one (when knitting a needle is inserted behind the back wall). Twisted loop forms a voluminous and neat narrow pigtail.
With the edge should gain 17 loops. The first two rows are knitted according to the scheme, then they begin to knit the braid: 3 put on the right knitting needle without knitting, 3 put on the auxiliary needle or knitting pin, return 3 knitting needles from the right knitting needle to the left, put it on the same stitch from the auxiliary tool, knit all 6 facial. Thus, the weave strands tilted to the right.
When performing a mirror weave, they change the order of removal and transfer of un-tied loops: first, they are removed to a pin, then moved to the right needle. First on the left knitting needle put on the loop with an auxiliary tool, then - with the right knitting needle.
Even for a beginner who only masters knitting, a “braid” pattern, schemes with a description and general instructions will allow you to create an extremely attractive product.
How to avoid blooming and dressing
Considering with delight attractive patterns for knitting, patterns and descriptions, it is easy to be tempted and decide to use all in one product: several types of patterns, yarn of different colors and types, complex style. It is better to give preference to simpler models.
With insufficient planning, it is fairly easy to admit such flaws:
- "Cut" fragments of the pattern.
- Errors in the pattern.
- Curved neck or armhole.
- Difficulties when comparing fragments of the pattern during stitching parts of the product.
- Mismatch of yarn (its texture and color) with a pattern. Too bright melange thread as well as a volumetric boucle forms a pattern that hides the binding.
The monochromatic light yarn of medium thickness and one of the continuous patterns described above are perfect as a material for training. For making a serious product, it is better to choose a thread with a high content of natural fibers and a pattern with small rapport.