Paper Origami Types
Origami - the art of making various figures from paper. Origami is known from ancient times and originates in China, where paper was invented. Later, an interesting technique came to Japan, where it gained a truly huge popularity. Origami history Initially, this type of art was religious in nature, and paper figures were used in sacred rites
Origami - the art of making various figures from paper. Origami is known from ancient times and originates in China, where paper was invented. Later, an interesting technique came to Japan, where it gained a truly huge popularity.
Initially, this type of art was religious in nature, and paper figures were used in sacred rites. Origami instruction was available only to the upper classes and was considered a very important skill.
After World War II, origami spread throughout the world and interested not only adults, but also children of different ages.
The original origami involves the use of multi-colored square paper. Scissors and glue are not used in traditional technology. However, in the modern art of paper crafts sometimes depart from the canons.
Before you start creating crafts, you should get acquainted with the types of techniques. There are the following types of paper origami:
- Modular origami . Is one of the most popular and time-consuming techniques of folding pieces of paper. It is used to create a large, three-dimensional shape, consisting of several blocks or so-called modules. Initially, several components are made up of the same or different paper size, and then they simply invest in each other, turning into a finished composition. The friction force does not allow the entire structure to disintegrate. A striking example of modular origami is a volumetric ball, which is often used in holiday decor, and is probably familiar to many.
- Simple origami - origami types designed for beginners or for people with disabilities. It was first developed by an English origami fan John Smith. In this system, you can only use the folds of the mountain and valley. And this, in turn, means the impossibility of using the most complex techniques from the classical technique. Therefore, new techniques are being developed that allow us to achieve the desired results without complicated manipulations.
- Folding on the scan . This is one type of origami, which is a drawing in which all the bends of a future model are already visible. Folding on the scan is more difficult than the standard types of origami, but it gives not only the very idea of how to fold the figure, but also shows how this scheme was developed. The scan is also used as a method for creating new origami diagrams.
- Wet folding . Types of origami techniques are not complete without the method developed by Akira Yesidzyawa using paper moistened with water. Wet folding is widely used to create figurines of flora and fauna. Damped paper can make the lines smoother and more expressive, as well as give them a certain rigidity. For this type of creativity, special paper is suitable, in the manufacture of which water-soluble glue is added.
- Kyrigama . This is the only type of origami, which allowed the use of scissors. It is used to create beautiful cards with three-dimensional elements.
- Monegami . A form of art that is ideally suited to people who no longer know where to put their money, or to those who, on the contrary, are trying to attract financial success to their side. Figures of this style are made of banknotes.
- Quilling . Suitable for creating full-fledged paintings. The paper is twisted in a special way to get the desired shape. Then it is glued to the base. This technique is not complicated, but rather time-consuming.
What is Kusudama technique
Types of modular origami are often confused with the Kusudama technique, which also implies the creation of a volumetric circular shape from modules. The difference is that with modular origami, the components of the ball are inserted into each other, and glued or stitched together in the kusudame.
How to choose origami paper
Paper is the most important element when doing origami. Types and techniques of origami are diverse and require paper of different density and quality.
Office paper of moderate density, not too smooth, color from two parties perfectly will be suitable for modular origami. The quality of the paper is determined by the fact that it does not turn white on the folds.
Multi-colored stickers for records are well suited for Kusudama, or modular origami. Triangular modules are made of rectangular sheets, so if you cut a square sticker in half, you get a suitable base for a triangular module. There are rectangular stickers that do not require modifications.
Sets for this type of art
There is a special paper designed for origami. It is sold already cut, as a rule, into squares of various sizes. In the set you can find several sheets of different colors (one side is white, another color) or paper with an ornament.
Similar sets are available for children. The difference is that modular origami requires a lot of paper of the same color, and in children's sets there is too much variety of colors. But in the children's sets you can find rare colors, for example, black and shades of brown.
Oddly enough, but journal paper is also used in this creative process. Its quality characteristics are well suited for creating figures, and inscriptions and images guarantee an interesting ornament.
Additional tools for creating paper figures
To create modules useful ruler and a paper knife. To prepare the paper for work, you need to pre-cut it into flat rectangles. It will be quicker to do this by putting several sheets of paper in a pile, making marking with a ruler and cutting it with a knife. Scissors to do this manipulation will not be very convenient.
Modular origami does not provide for the use of glue, however, if we are talking about a children's toy or gift, it may be worth making the craft stronger. When constructing the Kusudame "Super Ball", threads will be needed, since the individual modules are connected precisely by means of a thread with a needle.
It is necessary to stock up in advance with the elements of the "face": eyes, noses, antennae, and also ribbons and various bows.
Types of origami modules are very diverse:
- flat - used for mosaics;
- voluminous, with the help of which kusudame and various figures are made.
How to make a triangular module
The triangular module is the basis of a set of handicrafts. To make it very easy, just follow the tips below:
- We take a rectangular sheet of paper and bend it in half lengthwise.
- Bend the sheet across to see the middle. Bend back. Put the sheet so that the corner looked up.
- Fold the top edges to the middle.
- Let's turn to the other side.
- Bottom of the bent up.
- Small corners, bulging on the sides, bend through the main triangle.
- Spread the corners and bottom.
- Return all back and raise the bottom.
- Bend in half. The result was a triangular module with two vertices and two pockets. Other components can be inserted into these pockets.
Positive aspects of origami
Paper origami is an interesting and exciting activity. Both adults and children love him. Especially useful to engage in origami children from 3 to 15 years. This art form develops sleight of hand, spatial imagination and creative thinking.
Plus, after a short practice, you will be able to make gifts to your loved ones with your own hands. The joy of children from new toys is difficult to overestimate.
So you will not regret when you learn origami.